IU Networking at Indiana University
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TransPAC

Topology

The primary engineering goal of the project is to continue to build on a long history of technical collaboration between APAN and IU to provide next-generation, highly functional, flexible, and reliable connectivity between Asia and US research and education networks and their users in a wide range of applications with a wide range of technical and logistical requirements.

Our plan calls for an initial deployment of two 10Gbps Ethernet circuits between the US and Japan, one provided and funded by NICT-Japan and the other by this project. Both partners will operate these circuits in close cooperation, as they have done for TransPAC2. Our plan for continued growth is to implement the best option available at the 3-year mark of the project, at least a doubling of capacity or, depending on technology availability and cost, 40/100Gbps.

US Connections

In selecting landing points for a circuit to serve the R&E community, it is crucial to leverage the best R&E exchanges. On the US side, the Pacific Wave distributed R&E exchange facility is the clear leader in terms of reachability and functionality. By connecting to it at any point it is possible to reach any other Pacific Wave-connected peer. Because of this, TransPAC2 was located in Los Angeles within close reach both of carrier facilities and of Pacific Wave there, and our plan is to locate TransPAC3 there as well, depending on final selection of carrier. Through Pacific Wave, TransPAC3 can peer directly with the Internet2 Network-both the Internet2 IP and ION (dynamic circuits) services, NLR, ESnet, NISN, some university regional networks, and a number of other international networks, including, for example, redCLARA (Latin America) and CANARIE (Canada).

Asia Connections

In Asia, Japan is extremely well connected and has the greatest concentration of sea cables. Networks reachable by landing a TransPAC3 link in Tokyo at the APAN Tokyo Exchange Point (XP) include JGN2, SINET, WIDE (all in Japan), KREONET2, KOREN (Korea), TWAREN (Taiwan), PERN (Pakistan), and a number of others.

TransPAC3 is significantly strengthened by the addition of connectivity supplied by NICT-Japan. NICT will provide a second 10Gbps connection from Tokyo to Los Angeles, a 10Gbps connection to Korea, a 2.5Gbps connection to Hong Kong (with plans to upgrade to 10Gbps), and a 622Mbps connection to Thailand.

TEIN3 currently has points of presence in Hong Kong, Singapore, Beijing, and Tokyo. All are well connected to Tokyo. By connecting to the TEIN3 network either in Tokyo and/or with a link directly to one of its points of presence, these additional networks will be reachable. APAN and TEIN3 connect all countries with R&E networks in the Asia region.